Eiffel Tower, Paris, France
Eiffel Tower, a Parisian landmark is a masterpiece in building-construction history. When the French government was organizing the International Exposition of 1889 to celebrate the centenary of the French Revolution, a competition was held for designs for a suitable monument. More than 100 plans were submitted, and the Centennial Committee accepted the design of bridge engineer Gustave Eiffel. Eiffel’s design of was 300-metre (984-foot) tower built almost entirely of open-lattice wrought iron aroused amazement, skepticism, and no little opposition on aesthetic grounds. After completion, the tower served as the entrance gateway to the exposition.
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History of its Construction
The tower was erected in about two years (1887–89), with a small labour force, at a slight cost. Making use of his advanced knowledge of the behavior of metal arch and metal building forms under loading, Eiffel designed a light, airy, but strong structure that predicted a revolution in civil engineering and architectural design. And, after it opened to the public on May 15, 1889, it ultimately vindicated itself aesthetically.
The Tower stands on four lattice-beam piers that narrow inward and join to form a single large vertical tower. As they curve inward, the piers are connected to each other by networks of girders at two levels that afford viewing platforms for tourists. By contrast, the four semicircular arches at the tower’s base are purely appealing elements that serve no structural function.
Because of their unique shape, which was dictated by engineering considerations but also by Eiffel’s artistic sense, the piers required elevators to ascend on a curve; the glass-cage machines designed by the Otis Elevator Company of the United States became one of the principal features of the building, helping establish it as one of the world’s famous tourist attractions.
When does it sparkle?
The Tower can be seen sparkling every night for five minutes each hour, at the precise start of the hour. The current lighting system has been in place since 1985, though the tower has been lit up in various fashions since its 1889 debut for the International Exposition when gaslights were used.
Every evening, it is lightened with its golden covering and sparkles for 5 minutes every hour, while its beacon shines over Paris.
Eiffel Tower’s Specifications
- The tower is 300 meters (984 feet) high. It rests on a base that is 5 meters (17 feet) high.
- The television antenna at the top of the tower gives it a total elevation of 324 meters (1,063 feet).
- This Tower was the tallest structure in the world until the topping off of the Chrysler Building was built.
- Height: 300 m, 324 m to tip
- Construction started: 28 January 1887
Hours to Visit
Monday – Sunday 9 am–12:45 am
Things to Know
- The Eiffel Tower was once yellow.
- It was built to celebrate the centennial of the French Revolution.
- For 4 decades it was the world’s tallest structure.
- The Eiffel Tower was once the world’s largest structure.
- Gustave Eiffel designed part of another famous landmark.
- Parisian artists petitioned against the “monstrous” structure.
- Radio saved the Tower from destruction.
- Daredevils died attempting aerial feats at the tower.
Some Unknown Facts
- There is a secret penthouse at the top.
- Gustave Eiffel did not design the tower.
- The Tower was supposed to be slit after 20 years.
- Hitler ordered the Eiffel Tower to be torn down.
- There is a post office in the Tower.
- The Tower served as a scientific laboratory.
- The Tower moves because of metal expansion.
- The Eiffel Tower covered in the names of scientists.
- It takes a lot of maintenance work to keep the Tower looking good.
- There’s a military bunker underneath the Tower.
- There’s a Champagne bar at the top.
Tickets to the top floor of the Eiffel Tower, with elevator access, cost 28.30 euros for individuals over 24 years old. For youth aged 12 to 24 years, the ticket price is 14.10 euros. Disabled individuals and children aged 4 to 11 years can purchase tickets for 7.10 euros. However, children under 4 years old do not need to pay an entry fee.
Suggestion: Please note that ticket prices may vary over time, which can be verified on the official website of the Eiffel Tower.
Location Map for Eiffel Tower
Hotels With Eiffel Tower View
- Relais12bis Bed & Breakfast By Eiffel Tower
- Résidence Charles Floquet
- Derby Alma
- Shangri-La Hotel, Paris
- Cler Hotel
- Eiffel Tower view Residence